Nicaragua is a tropical country situated in the very center of the isthmus of Central America, between Honduras and Costa Rica. It has both a large Pacific and Caribbean coast. It is the largest country in Central America with a land area of over 130,000 sq. km. and about 10,000 sq.km covered by lakes.
Our country boasts three distinctive geographic zones. The most populous is the Pacific region, which runs along the west coast of the country. In this region, one finds about 60% of the population, the largest cities and trading centers, and a chain of 25 volcanoes, as well as Nicaragua’s agricultural heartland. The central zone boasts with beautiful mountain range that host coffee farms, cattle ranches, and cloud forests.
The Atlantic region (almost half the country’s area) is the most wild part of the country, settled largely by non-Spanish Europeans, and is now populated by Sumo, Ramas and Miskito Indians. Living here you will find English-speaking coastal Nicaraguans of Creole descent. The region is largely flat, humid tropical forest. Access is difficult and depends largely on the weather. At this moment, there are still no roads connecting the two coasts and the two cultures.
In pre-Columbian times, several Native tribes settled in Nicaragua sparsely.On Columbus’ fourth westward voyage he landed on the Atlantic coast of Nicaragua (Cabo Gracias a Dios) and claimed the territory for the Spanish crown. Several years later the Spanish conquistador Francisco Hernández de Cordoba explored further into the interior of Nicaragua and founded the first cities on the mainland in the Americas, León and Granada in 1524.