There are approximately five and a half million people in Nicaragua, the majority living in and around the capital of Managua. Our population is one of the youngest in the world with a high growth rate. Half of our population is under 25 years of age. Eighty five percent of the Nicaraguans are Spanish- speaking mestizos. The remaining 15% of the population is composed of African/Caribbean Creoles, and indigenous Miskito, Rama, and Sumo Indians. The sparsely populated Atlantic coast boasts a rich cultural diversity where the languages of Miskito, Sumo, Rama, Creole, English, and Spanish are all spoken. Even if most of the population is considered “poor” with very low incomes, the Nicaraguans do not lose one opportunity to show their happiness of living.
The predominant religion (about 70% of the population) is Roman Catholic. Most people are very faithful and participate regularly in the many religious celebrations and religious life. The Pacific and Central regions are home to a rich Latin culture and poetic figures such as the renowned Rubén Darío, considered to be the father of the Modernist movement, and the priest Ernesto Cardenal, who was Minister of Culture during the Sandinistas period.